MALT lymphoma (maltoma)
MALT lymphoma (mucous associated lymphoma tissue) or maltoma – a form of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma that occurs in about 8%, it is also a third type of lymphoma the most common of all NHL. These forms of lymphoma grow slowly and usually persist for a long time at the site of its origination.
The disease can occur at any age, but usually affects people aged 60 years. Lymphoma is more common in women than in men.
Many people with lymphoma of the stomach infected with Helicobacter Pylori. Bacterial or viral infection are also associated with other forms of lymphoma. Also people who have discovered maltoma often have a history of autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (thyroid lymphoma), and Sjogren’s syndrome (lymphoma sweat, lacrimal and salivary glands).
Treatment is assigned an experienced diagnostic results and given the stage of the disease and the general condition of the patient.
Most forms of lymphoma develops slowly, localized in one place and respond well to treatment. At the beginning of the treatment, if maltoma stomach is usually assigned local treatment – radiotherapy or surgery. In more advanced stages of MALT lymphoma (stage 3 or 4) is generally assigned systemic treatment – chemotherapy.
Patients with stomach maltoma that were infected with H. Pylori can achieve long periods of remission generally after effective antibiotic treatment. These drugs affect the reduction of lymphoma.
For patients with gastric lymphoma which does not develop the doctor can apply “wait and see” approach.