Uterine cancer is a common form of cancer affecting the female reproductive system. It is also called uterine cancer and endometrial cancer.
In most cases the cancer cells arise in the uterine mucosa (endometrium), so uterine cancer Endometrial cancer is often called.
In rare cases cancer of the uterus can be formed in the muscles surrounding the uterus. This type of cancer called sarcoma of the uterus and irebuet treatment, other than treatment for endometrial cancer.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom of uterine cancer.
The primary cause of cervical cancer is hormonal imbalance. In particular, the risk increases with the presence of high levels of the hormone estrogen in the body. Hormonal imbalances can be caused by a number of other factors such as the effects of treatment of menopause, obesity, diabetes.
If you or any of your relatives were diagnosed with such disease, please contact us. We accept patients for the treatment of all disease stages, any kind of tumor location and malignancies in the body.
We provide examination program focused on your problem, according to which, you will clearly understand before coming to Israel, on what day and at what time you scheduled for a consultation and procedures.
The first step to effective treatment is a correct diagnostics
Diagnosis usually lasts 4-5 days, after which the patient receives written expert’s conclusion about the diagnosis.
In order to make the correct diagnosis in the first place it is necessary to do
Physical examination and transvaginal ultrasound (TVU).
Blood count (including tumor markers)
Biopsy (a small sample of cells taken from the lining of the uterus (endometrium). Then sample is tested in laboratory for the presence of cancer cells.
A biopsy may be done in several ways, including:
aspiration biopsy – a small, flexible tube that is inserted into the vagina and held up to the abdominal cavity, and drains a small sample of endometrial cells
hysteroscopy – allows the doctor to look at the inside of the uterus with a thin type of telescope called a hysteroscope. It is injected into the uterus through the vagina, and a special tool cuts a sample of endometrial tissue.
PET-CT – scan the entire body to identify the process of metastasis.
In some circumstances by the physician may require magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)
Uterine Cancer Treatments
The most common treatment of uterine cancer shown generally at an early stage of the disease is surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy). In some cases, a hysterectomy also include removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes.
Types of hysterectomy
Total hysterectomy (the most common type) – removal of the uterus and cervix
Subtotal hysterectomy – removal of the main body of the uterus without removing the cervix
Total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy – removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes (salpingectomy) and ovaries.
Radical hysterectomy – removal of the uterus and surrounding tissues, including the fallopian tubes, vagina, ovaries, lymph glands and fatty tissue.
There are three methods for performing a hysterectomy. Method of operation depends on the degree of destruction of the malignant process and is chosen by the surgeon individually for each woman.
Laparoscopic hysterectomy (endoscopic surgery ) – the uterus is removed through several small punctures in the abdomen
Vaginal hysterectomy (open surgery) – the uterus is removed through an incision in the upper part of the vagina
Abdominal hysterectomy (open surgery) – the uterus is removed through an incision in the lower abdomen
Hospitalization for hysterectomy to 2 days. Recovery time after surgery 6-8 weeks.
Hysterectomy may be a consequence of postoperative menopause (in the case of removal of the ovaries), which may require a course of hormonal drugs to restore hormonal balance.
Radiation therapy – the influence on the body a high energy X-rays or electron beams to kill cancer cells.
In most cases this method is used in conjunction with surgery or for metastatic disease.
Treatment time from 5 days to few easy weeks.
Before the procedure, performed CT simulation modeling process where determined destination spot beams for irradiation. Computer software program determines exposure for each person individually.
Chemotherapy – chemicals is aimed to kill cancer cells in the body.
Chemotherapy is used in cases where the cancer has spread in the body, or there is a risk of recurrence.
Curative chemotherapy is aimed at the complete destruction of cancer cells, either by strengthening effect of other therapies such as radiation therapy or surgery to reduce the risk of disease recurrence.
In some cases the chemotherapy is used to relieve the symptoms when the disease at the last stage and goes metastatic spread. Chemotherapy may be used to relieve the symptoms and slow the spread of the disease. This is called palliative chemotherapy.