Eye cancer formed in different parts of the eye when the cells start to divide uncontrollably and form a mass – tumor. Cancerous tumors can metastasize to different parts of the body.
We recommend the narrow section physician to treat a certain type of cancer which makes treatment the most effective and helps to improve the quality of life of our patients.
Prof. Jacob Peer – Head of the Eye Cancer Department, Hadassah Medical Center. He is one of leading Israeli experts in eye malignant diseases.
Diagnostics and treatment of eye cancer
Types of eye cancer:
Uveal melanoma. The most common type of eye tumors. It strikes the diaphragm, iris, ciliary body and the choroid. This structure is rich in melanocytes. Melanoma skin cancer develops in pigment producing cells melanocytes. Most cases of melanoma are diagnosed after the age of 40 years.
Melanoma of the conjunctiva. Conjunctival melanoma develops on the surface of the eye. This cancer is only about 2% to 3% of all eye cancers. The disease begins as a brown spot with visible growth, without or with pain in the eyes. Conjunctival melanoma tends to develop in people aged 50-60 and rarely in people under the age of 20.
Intraocular lymphoma. Lymphoma is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the immune system. Cancer usually begins in the lymph nodes, but can also start in the internal organs of the body such as the stomach, lungs and less eye. Lymphoma is divided into Hodgkin’s disease and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Intraocular lymphoma non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. By this form of cancer are particularly affected the elderly or people with immune system problems.
Retinoblastoma. This is a rare form of eye cancer, which is the most common malignant tumors in children. Retinoblastoma can occur in both eyes (bilateral retinoblastoma). It is usually hereditary and occurs in children or infants. Unilateral retinoblastoma affects one eye, inherited and usually occurs in older children. In some cases, it may also be affected by the pineal gland (triple retinoblastoma). Effective treatment may be only if retinoblastoma is correctly classified by location, size and number of tumors.
Eyelid basal cancer (basal cell carcinoma – BCC). It is the most common tumor of the eyelid (usually occurs on the lower eyelid). It’s not cancer, it grows very slowly. Effective treatment is complete resection of the tumor, together with clean edges and tissue reconstruction. Depending on the size of the gap after excision, sometimes can be made a compound native tissue of eyelid. But in many cases it is necessary to implant tissue from another source, such as upper eyelid skin or oral mucosa.
There are several facts of risk that increase the chances of developing cancer of the eye:
– The use of tanning beds or tanning may increase the risk of cancer of the eyelid and uveal melanoma
– Exposure to certain viruses such as papilloma virus (HPV) may increase the risk of cancer of the conjunctiva
– Atypical spots and melanoma syndrome – AMS characterized by a number of unusual moles in the eye
Diagnosis of eye cancer
A mole in the eye needs periodic inspection. Melanoma can occur with no symptoms at early stages of the disease. After the growth of the tumor may arise various problems with vision, blurred vision, decreased vision, double vision, and ultimately blindness. With the growth of tumors can occur rupture and retinal detachment. In some cases growth of the tumor may be observed through a pupil.
Retinoblastoma can be identified during the diagnosis of strabismus spot in the eye or yellowish white luminescence pupil, decreased vision, blindness, pain and redness in the eye.